I have been involved in RPGs (table-top dice role-playing games) since 1979; it is a passion of mine, I bleed dice. So when I was asked to write an article on the Hierarchy of Hell for an RPG I was thrilled. A version of the original appears in Scaldcrow Game’s “Worlds of Pulp: Demon Construction Tables” (due out in Fall 2015) but this is the complete and fully expanded article. Enjoy, and remember, this was written for a game.

For as long as there has been humanity, there has been the fear of demons. Mankind has made every attempt to discover the nature of evil and in doing so, categories and species of infernal beings have been described, if not outright created, in order to reign in the chaos of the very creatures intellectuals and religious academics sought to understand.


Scholars, both ancient and modern have written books, papers, pamphlets, and theses on the subject of the hierarchy of Hell; this is a process which is still being undertaken to this day. Why is it so difficult to pin down and write a clear and concise order of the right of succession for the democracy of Hell? Well, to begin, one must take into consideration all of the religions of the known world from the ancient past to modern day. Then, from each of these, we then must first determine what each of these religions considered to be a demonic being. Next, you must then draw a hard line and take an educated guess as to which demons are more powerful than others, assign rank to them, and place them in an ascending order to the throne of an infernal empire. Somewhere in this process, an infernal realm is also selected from all of the infernal realms that have been recorded to act as the primary hell from which all other hells are a sub-divisions of.


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This process does not even account for devils; some academics argue devils are not demons but rather a completely different species of infernal being. Additional intellectuals claim devils are fallen angels, while others say “no, devils are devils” and fallen angels are their own sort of infernal being.


As you can see, it is a very complicated and unruly mess to have to sort through; as chaotic as the infernal beings themselves.


And speaking of chaos…the hierarchy of Hell does not necessarily follow suit to the hierarchy of anything else. For instance, in traditional rankings, a baron is higher than a knight but this may not always be the case among demonkind. In Hell it is literally pandemonium and anything goes. Can the Royal Food Taster to the Marquess of the Norther Region of the Mountain of Tears be higher up in the social order than a sovereign prince? Who knows? But if in your game you need this demon to be, than make it so.


As it happens, Christian scholars have done a great deal of work in the regards of classifying the infernal beings in order to understand and to know how best to defeat them and their dark lord, Satan. They assigned each demon dominion over a sin, a month in which its infernal powers are at their peak, and a saint to be its personal adversary. Other aspects were assigned, but there was no universal format to which was adhered. Like everything else involving demons, it was not standardized.


In the sense of order and consistency, I prefer this attempt of organization the best. I feel when ranks and titles we are already familiar with are utilized, we can best appreciate and thereby properly fear the demon presented. For instance, I may not be as fearful of the Assistant Wine Steward of Hell, but I would most certainly give an extremely wide berth to the Grand Marshal of the Hell’s infernal cavalry; he just sounds so much important and therefor powerful.


Consider what demons are: beings of evil and hate manifest. As your gamers sit around the table playing their characters, the point of demons being dangerous cannot be heavily enough impressed upon them unless they have something to give comparison against. In my opinion, using the familiar ranking system initially established by the Christian scholars of yore is the best way to make a fast and obvious point.


Below I have outlined a sample Hierarchy based on the culmination of the scholarly works before me: The Testament of Solomon, Michael Psellus’ 11th century classification of demons, Alfonso de Spina’s (1467), Peter Binsfeld (1589), Francesco Maria Guazzo (1608), Sebastian Michaelis (1613), Francis Barrett (1801), Alibeck the Egyptian (1517), Johann Weyer (1583), and the anonymous 17th century work entitled “The Lesser Key of Solomon.”


Naturally, it would be impossible to map out fully or in any amount of detail the pecking order of Hell, but below is a good example I created so GMs and players alike can begin to understand the vastness, complexity, and depths of the politics of Hell. Please feel free to use, consider, or modify the following for your campaign world however you wish.


The Overlord of Hell. He will be ruler over all of the infernal realms, and all infernal beings. He will most directly command 4 Kings.


The 4 Kings will each represent a compass point–one for the North, South, East, and West (Kings of the Compass)


The Kings of the Compass each rule one quadrant of Hell. Over their quad, they each have a Regional King who rules over a portion of the quad (King of the South West of the Northern Quadrant, King of the South East of the Northern Quadrant, King of the North West of the Northern Quadrant, and the King of the North East of the Northern Quadrant, for example). All demons having rank between Kings of the Compass and Knight are considered to be of the Upper Court.

  • Each King of the Compass will have 8 Princes
  • Each Prince will have 8 Sub-princes
  • Each Sub-prince will have 6 Grand Dukes
  • Each Grand Duke will have 4 Dukes
  • Each Duke will have varying numbers of Counts
  • Each Count will have varying numbers of Earls
  • Each Earl will have varying numbers of Knights
  • Each member of the Upper Court will also command some number of infernal legions of troops and some number of Servitors. All of these servitor demons and infernal troops are theirs to command and do with as they wish.
  • Each level of demon is answerable to all the demons who rule above it.
  • Each member of the Upper Court will have his own Household, as it were. This need not be a literal household with literal staff, but it may. Within the Household Staff is any number of imaginable positions.


In a traditional Household it would not be uncommon to have demons with the title of Master of the Hounds or Second Assistant to the Upstairs Maid. Any Household position that can be created, may exist.


Since there is an Upper Court it would stand to reason there would be a Lower Court; this consists of the members of society which are essential to maintaining social order but are not royalty. For instance, Judges, Sheriffs, Barristers, Constables, Criers, Tax Collectors and the like make up the Lower Court. Since each member of the Upper Court has dominion over his own region in Hell, there are numerous demons sharing the same job title. For example, there are many demons with the position of Tax Collector in any given Hell. Each member of the Lower Court will also have a full staff which enables him in carrying out his daily duties. Additionally, he too will also have a Household filled with staff.


The next social level down in the infernal realms would be The Court. These are the demons which make and supply the goods and services which allow the Upper and Lower Courts to operate. The Court is where demonic cartwrights, flower girls, cobblers, clothiers, and the like rank socially.


The lowest social class is referred to only as Legion. These are the demons which make up the ranks of the infernal armies, as well as fulfilling any other duties which any demon of higher rank needs accomplished. These tasks can be anything from hundreds of thousands of Legions being called upon to destroy an Earthly city, a score or two to possess a nun, or merely a single Ligonier Servitor to be used as an invisible and intangible door opener so the demon who summoned it need not ever pause to open the door himself.


In each of the Courts are demons which specialize in specific sins, methods of corruption, acts of violence, and preferred types of victims. And for each of these types of specializations, there are 4 varieties of demons of to choose from: Air, Fire, Earth, and Water who may be called upon.


What is important to remember in the demonic Hierarchy is with the exception of the Overlord of Hell, all demons are accountable to someone. Also, each demon has a personal adversary who is either a divine being of some description or a holy man who can thwart him. In some cases merely calling out the name of the antagonist is enough to banish the demon for a while. In other cases a spell or incantation was given to the world by the demon’s rival which can be used by anyone who is in danger from demonic attack.


If all of this is just too overwhelming and boggles the mind, than I did my job right. Nevertheless, here is a list of titles and ranks for you to refer to and utilizes as you see fit. They are listed in order of highest to lowest.


Overlord of Hell

Sovereign Overlord of Hell








King of Kings

Supreme King

Khan of Khans

High King

Great King

Master King



Ruler and King

King of the Land


He of Power


Sun King

Governor of the Realm

Deputy for the Whole Empire


Grand Duke

Vice Duke

Sovereign Duke

Sovereign Archduke

Grand Prince

First Citizen

Vice Prince

Prince of “a significant region of Hell”

Crowned Prince (Dauphine)


Cadet Prince


Lord Despot

Master Despot


Chief Duke

Sovereign Prince


Archbishop of “a significant region of Hell”

Lord Chancellor

Archbishop of “a significant region of Hell”




Bey of Beys

Lord High Treasurer to the Sovereign Overlord of Hell

Lord President of the Council

Lord Privy Seal

Lord Great Chamberlain


High Constable

Earl Marshal

Sardar of Authority

Lord High Admiral

Lord Steward of the Royal Household to the Sovereign Overlord of Hell

Lord Chamberlain of the Royal Household to the Sovereign Overlord of Hell

Master of the Horse

NOTE: Some regions of Hell are more important and significant than others. If you have a list of regions, have an idea of their order of importance. This is essential because a lowly County Court Judge of the most important region is actually higher in the hierarchy than a Duke of an insignificant region.




Earls (vide Dukes)



Bishop of “Most Important Region of Hell”

Bishop of “Second most important region of Hell”

Bishop of “Third Most Important Region of Hell”

Barons (vide Dukes)

Lord of Parliament


Commissioners of Great Seal


Treasurer and Comptroller of the Royal Household


Vice-Chamberlain of the Household

Fount of Honor

Secretary of State

Head Knight of “A Significant Infernal Order”

Privy Councilors

Knight of the Manor

Chancellor of the Exchequer

Chancellor of the Duchy of “Fourth Most Important Region of Hell”

Lord Chief Justice

Master of the Rolls

Lord Justices of Appeal and the President of Probate Court

Judge of High Court


Hereditary Knight

Knight of “A Significant Infernal Order”

Knight Grand Commanders of the” A Significant Infernal Order”

Knight of “A Significant Infernal Order”

Knight Grand Commanders of “Fifth most Important Region of Hell

Knights Grand Cross of “A Significant Infernal Order”

Knights Commanders of the various Orders

Knights Bachelors


Commanders of “A Significant Infernal Order”


County Court Judges




Masters in Lunacy

Lord of the Manor

Companions of the various “Significant Infernal Orders”






Young Lord


1 Comment so far

  1. adam olson on December 26, 2017 10:38 am

    I started an attempt to categorize demons, but trying to avoid too much influence from mythology and religion. I am trying to create a system like linnaeus, for my stories.

    I was looking at seas and oceans and wonder why the planes or regions could not be similar. A realm divided by regions where different demons dwell, based on their physical attributes and those of the region.

    as far ranking….i decided that demons are too chaotic, the strongest would be like rock,paper, scissors. As far as control, the most powerful control, and it often depends on their need. such as a god-like entity could command the ocean entities to their bidding, but not always controlling them.

    other demons could try to be warlords of certain regions, and could be controlled by a greater one…..
    but the chaos is always there.

    that is the initial idea

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